Baba Baidyanath Temple Deoghar Jharkhand

हतिहास History

There are three temples claiming the status of jyothirlinga in the name of Vaidyanath. They are
1. Baiydanath temple at Deoghar, Jharkhand,
2. Vaijnath temple at Parli, Maharashtra
3. Baijnath temple at Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh
In Dwadasa jyothirlinga sthothram, Adi Sankaracharya has praised Vaidyanath jyothirlinga in following verses

Poorvothare prajwalika nidhane
sada vasantham girija sametham
surasuraradhitha padapadmam
srivaidyanatham thamaham namami

उत्सव Events and Festivals

1 Makar Shankranti, Khichri Bhog and Teel Ka Laddu Full Magh Month 14 Jan to one month
2 Gauri Shankar Puja Magh Shankranti 14 Jan
3 Basant Panchami, Maa Saraswati Puja Magh Shukla Paksha Panchami 20 Jan
4 Makar Saptami, Maa Tara Puja Magh Shukla Paksha Saptami 22 Jan
5 Sri Surya Narayan Puja Magh Shukla Paksha Saptami, Surya Puja 22 Jan
6 Maa Bagla Puja Magha Purnima 29 Jan
7 Maha Shivratri Puja Falgun Krishna Paksha Chaturdasi 12 Feb
8 Anand Bhairav Puja Falgun Shukla Paksha Ashtami 21 Feb
9 Holi Puja, Chhapan Bhog Falgun Purnima 28 Feb
10 Gamali Puja - Maa Kali Puja Chaitra Month 09 Mar
11 Chaitra Shukla Navratra Arambh Chaitra Month 16 Mar
12 Ramnavami Puja, Basanti Puja, Annapurna Puja Chaitra Shukla Paksha Ashtami 23 Mar
13 Annapurna Puja Chaitra Shukla Paksha Astami-Navami 24 Mar
14 Chaitra Shankranti (Sattu Bhog) Full Chaitra Month 14 Apr (30 days)
15 Adra-Bhog Asharh Month 22 Jun
16 Shravani Puja (Poori Bhog) One Month, Shravan 16 Jul to one month
17 Ekadasi Puja Every day of Ekadasi  
18 Mangalvari Puja (Maa Kali Puja) Every Tuesday  
19 Amavasya Puja (Maa Kali and Tara Puja) Every Amavasya  
20 Guru Purnima   25 Jul
21 Shrabani Mela Full One Month 27 Jul to 24 Aug
22 Jhulan Puja (Chhapan Bhog), Sri Radha Krishna Puja Shravan Shukla Paksha (Ekadasi to Purnima) 19 Aug to 24 Aug
23 Maa Mansa Puja Shravan-Shankranti 16 Aug
24 Janmastamee (Sri Krishna Puja) Bhadra Ashtami 01 Sep
25 Mahakal Bhairav Puja Bhadra-Chaturdasi (Krishna- Paksha) 07 Sep
26 Shri Ganesh Puja Bhadra, Chaturthi 11 Sep
27 Anant Chaturdasi Bhadra Chaturdasi 22 Sep
28 Maa Durga and Kali Puja Ashvin Shukla Paksha to Dasami Kartik Krishna Paksha 8 Oct - 17 Oct & 05 Nov
29 Jagat Dhatri Puja Kartik Month, Akshya Navami 15 Nov
30 Devothan Ekadasi Kartik Month, Shukla Paksha Ekadasi 17 Nov
31 Kartikay Puja Kartik Sankranti 16 Nov
32 Dahi-Chura Bhog Full Agrahan Month 18 Nov to One Month


कथा Legend

One legend, according to Shiva Purana is that in the Treta Yuga the deamon Ravana, king of Lanka (Ceylon), propitiated Lord Mahadeva and wanted him to come over to Lanka. Mahadeva did not agree to his prayer but told Ravana that one of the twelve emblems of his divinity, Jyotirlinga, would be quite as effective as his presence and that he might take it away on the condition that there should be no break in the journey back to Lanka and the lingam would not be deposited anywhere on the earth. The condition was that if the lingam were put anywhere on the earth in the course of the journey, it would be fixed to that spot forever. The legend is that Ravana agreed to this condition and took the lingam and started his journey back to Lanka.

The gods dreaded the effect of the lingam being established at the seat of the deamon king. A ruse was devised and Varuna, the god of the waters, entered the stomach of Ravana and the deamon had to descend to earth to relieve him.

Later, Vishnu, in the garb of an old Brahmin, appeared before Ravana, after his descent to the earth, and began to converse with him. Unaware of the trick, Ravana requested the Brahmin to hold the Jyotirlinga for a few minutes so that he could relieve himself. Lord Vishnu readily agreed to it and, as soon as Ravana turned his back to relieve himself, he left the Jyotirlinga on the spot and vanished. When Ravana came back, he found that the Jyotirlinga was firmly fixed to the earth and realized that a trick had been played on him. Out of frustration, he pressed it with his thumb so it went inside and got tilted slightly.

However, failing to remove the lingam, he made his obeisance to the lingam and daily he used to come from Lanka and worship the divinity. The spot where Ravana came down to the earth has been identified with Harila Jori, about four miles north of Babadham and the place where the lingam was deposited is known as Babadham.

The present nomenclature of the lingam is Baidyanath Jyotirlingam, and there is a legend about it. According to the Padma Purana, a Brahmin in the garb of Lord Vishnu, after taking the lingam from Ravana, consecrated it in due form with water from a neighboring tank. This tank is known as Shivaganga today.

There was a Bhil present, who was instructed as to what should be done. The Bhil had informed Ravana as to the disappearance of the Brahmin. Ravana is supposed to have excavated a well with an arrow and brought into it the waters of all the sacred pools of the earth. This well is known as Chandrakoopa today.

It is said that the lingam, after the death of Ravana, used to be worshipped by a hunter Baiju, and the lingam came to be known by Baiju's name as Baidyanath. The story of Baiju giving rise to the name of Baidyanath is more prevalent as a Santhal tradition.

There is another legend to the effect that in the Satya Yuga when Sati, the consort of Shiva and daughter of Daksha, committed suicide because of the discourtesy shown towards her husband by Daksha in not inviting him to a Yajna, Lord Shiva stuck the corpse of his wife on the point of his trident and roamed about in a frenzy of fury. Lest Shiva's anger and frantic movements should destroy the world, Vishnu cut the dead body with his discus into fifty-two parts, which fell in different parts of India and became Mahapithasthans. According to the legend, the heart of Sati fell at Babadham. Hence, the name Hridayapeeth. There is, however, no shrine to commemorate this occurrence.

Another legend is that, in the first age of the world, Lord Shiva manifested himself as a lingam of light at twelve different places under different names, and Baidyanath was one of those twelve places. Sati worshipped the emblem in the form of a pandanus flower on the top of the lingam and dwelt for a long time in a grove close by in order to worship it. This place is called Ketakivana.

Matsya Purana narrates about the sanctity of the holy place where Shakti lives and frees people from diseases, i.e., Arogya Baidyanathitee. It signifies that Baidyanath cures people from incurable diseases with the help of shakti, the destroyer of diseases

देवालय वेला Temple Timings

On a normal day, the worshipping of Baidyanath Jyotirlingam begins at 4 AM The temple doors open at this time. The Head priest worships with Shodashopachar. Then the devotees begin their worship of the lingam.

The most interesting tradition is that priests of the temple pour kuchcha Jal upon the lingam first, later on other pilgrims pour water and offer flowers and Vilva leaf upon the lingam. The Puja rituals continue till 3.30 PM After this the temple doors are closed.

In the evening at 6 PM the doors are opened again for devotees/ pilgrims and the process of worshipping begins. At this time Shringar Puja takes place.

Scent is spread over the lingam. Again a stream of water is poured over the lingam. Sandal paste of Malayagiri is also pasted on the head of the lingam. There is an interesting tradition that a snake like throne of flowers (Jata Mukut) is also placed on the lingam which comes regularly from the Deoghar Jail since the British time.

Normally, at 9 PM the temple doors are closed.

During various religious occasions, the darshan timings are extended