Baba Baidyanath Temple Deoghar Jharkhand


लोहपथ By Train

The nearest railway station is Jasidih (10 kms) on Howarah - Patna - Delhi line.

Baidyanth Mandir

हतिहास History

There are three temples claiming the status of jyothirlinga in the name of Vaidyanath. They are
1. Baiydanath temple at Deoghar, Jharkhand,
2. Vaijnath temple at Parli, Maharashtra
3. Baijnath temple at Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh
In Dwadasa jyothirlinga sthothram, Adi Sankaracharya has praised Vaidyanath jyothirlinga in following verses

Poorvothare prajwalika nidhane
sada vasantham girija sametham
surasuraradhitha padapadmam
srivaidyanatham thamaham namami

देवालय वेला Temple Timings

On a normal day, the worshipping of Baidyanath Jyotirlingam begins at 4 AM The temple doors open at this time. The Head priest worships with Shodashopachar. Then the devotees begin their worship of the lingam.

The most interesting tradition is that priests of the temple pour kuchcha Jal upon the lingam first, later on other pilgrims pour water and offer flowers and Vilva leaf upon the lingam. The Puja rituals continue till 3.30 PM After this the temple doors are closed.

In the evening at 6 PM the doors are opened again for devotees/ pilgrims and the process of worshipping begins. At this time Shringar Puja takes place.

Scent is spread over the lingam. Again a stream of water is poured over the lingam. Sandal paste of Malayagiri is also pasted on the head of the lingam. There is an interesting tradition that a snake like throne of flowers (Jata Mukut) is also placed on the lingam which comes regularly from the Deoghar Jail since the British time.

Normally, at 9 PM the temple doors are closed.

During various religious occasions, the darshan timings are extended

उत्सव Events and Festivals

1Makar Shankranti, Khichri Bhog and Teel Ka LadduFull Magh Month14 Jan to one month2Gauri Shankar PujaMagh Shankranti14 Jan3Basant Panchami, Maa Saraswati PujaMagh Shukla Paksha Panchami20 Jan4Makar Saptami, Maa Tara PujaMagh Shukla Paksha Saptami22 Jan5Sri Surya Narayan PujaMagh Shukla Paksha Saptami, Surya Puja22 Jan6Maa Bagla PujaMagha Purnima29 Jan7Maha Shivratri PujaFalgun Krishna Paksha Chaturdasi12 Feb8Anand Bhairav PujaFalgun Shukla Paksha Ashtami21 Feb9Holi Puja, Chhapan BhogFalgun Purnima28 Feb10Gamali Puja - Maa Kali PujaChaitra Month09 Mar11Chaitra Shukla Navratra ArambhChaitra Month16 Mar12Ramnavami Puja, Basanti Puja, Annapurna PujaChaitra Shukla Paksha Ashtami23 Mar13Annapurna PujaChaitra Shukla Paksha Astami-Navami24 Mar14Chaitra Shankranti (Sattu Bhog)Full Chaitra Month14 Apr (30 days)15Adra-BhogAsharh Month22 Jun16Shravani Puja (Poori Bhog)One Month, Shravan16 Jul to one month17Ekadasi PujaEvery day of Ekadasi 18Mangalvari Puja (Maa Kali Puja)Every Tuesday 19Amavasya Puja (Maa Kali and Tara Puja)Every Amavasya 20Guru Purnima 25 Jul21Shrabani MelaFull One Month27 Jul to 24 Aug22Jhulan Puja (Chhapan Bhog), Sri Radha Krishna PujaShravan Shukla Paksha (Ekadasi to Purnima)19 Aug to 24 Aug23Maa Mansa PujaShravan-Shankranti16 Aug24Janmastamee (Sri Krishna Puja)Bhadra Ashtami01 Sep25Mahakal Bhairav PujaBhadra-Chaturdasi (Krishna- Paksha)07 Sep26Shri Ganesh PujaBhadra, Chaturthi11 Sep27Anant ChaturdasiBhadra Chaturdasi22 Sep28Maa Durga and Kali PujaAshvin Shukla Paksha to Dasami Kartik Krishna Paksha8 Oct - 17 Oct & 05 Nov29Jagat Dhatri PujaKartik Month, Akshya Navami15 Nov30Devothan EkadasiKartik Month, Shukla Paksha Ekadasi17 Nov31Kartikay PujaKartik Sankranti16 Nov32Dahi-Chura BhogFull Agrahan Month18 Nov to One Month


स्थलपथ By Road

Babadham is located in north-eastern Jharkhand, four miles from Jasidih railway station on the main line of the Eastern Railway from Howrah to Delhi. There is a small railway branch line from Jasidih to Babadham. The railway station at Babadham is called Baidyanath Dham.

Babadham stands near the G.T. Road connecting Calcutta with Delhi. From the G.T. Road, you can take a turn to the state road at Bagodar or at Dumri. Devotees coming down from Kolkata or other parts of West Bengal can take the route via Jamtara.

In the North-East Dumka, Rajmahal and Bhagalpur; in the North-West Munger; in the West Hazaribag and in the South Giridih district border the region.

कथा Legend

One legend, according to Shiva Purana is that in the Treta Yuga the deamon Ravana, king of Lanka (Ceylon), propitiated Lord Mahadeva and wanted him to come over to Lanka. Mahadeva did not agree to his prayer but told Ravana that one of the twelve emblems of his divinity, Jyotirlinga, would be quite as effective as his presence and that he might take it away on the condition that there should be no break in the journey back to Lanka and the lingam would not be deposited anywhere on the earth. The condition was that if the lingam were put anywhere on the earth in the course of the journey, it would be fixed to that spot forever. The legend is that Ravana agreed to this condition and took the lingam and started his journey back to Lanka.

The gods dreaded the effect of the lingam being established at the seat of the deamon king. A ruse was devised and Varuna, the god of the waters, entered the stomach of Ravana and the deamon had to descend to earth to relieve him.

Later, Vishnu, in the garb of an old Brahmin, appeared before Ravana, after his descent to the earth, and began to converse with him. Unaware of the trick, Ravana requested the Brahmin to hold the Jyotirlinga for a few minutes so that he could relieve himself. Lord Vishnu readily agreed to it and, as soon as Ravana turned his back to relieve himself, he left the Jyotirlinga on the spot and vanished. When Ravana came back, he found that the Jyotirlinga was firmly fixed to the earth and realized that a trick had been played on him. Out of frustration, he pressed it with his thumb so it went inside and got tilted slightly.

However, failing to remove the lingam, he made his obeisance to the lingam and daily he used to come from Lanka and worship the divinity. The spot where Ravana came down to the earth has been identified with Harila Jori, about four miles north of Babadham and the place where the lingam was deposited is known as Babadham.

The present nomenclature of the lingam is Baidyanath Jyotirlingam, and there is a legend about it. According to the Padma Purana, a Brahmin in the garb of Lord Vishnu, after taking the lingam from Ravana, consecrated it in due form with water from a neighboring tank. This tank is known as Shivaganga today.

There was a Bhil present, who was instructed as to what should be done. The Bhil had informed Ravana as to the disappearance of the Brahmin. Ravana is supposed to have excavated a well with an arrow and brought into it the waters of all the sacred pools of the earth. This well is known as Chandrakoopa today.

It is said that the lingam, after the death of Ravana, used to be worshipped by a hunter Baiju, and the lingam came to be known by Baiju's name as Baidyanath. The story of Baiju giving rise to the name of Baidyanath is more prevalent as a Santhal tradition.

There is another legend to the effect that in the Satya Yuga when Sati, the consort of Shiva and daughter of Daksha, committed suicide because of the discourtesy shown towards her husband by Daksha in not inviting him to a Yajna, Lord Shiva stuck the corpse of his wife on the point of his trident and roamed about in a frenzy of fury. Lest Shiva's anger and frantic movements should destroy the world, Vishnu cut the dead body with his discus into fifty-two parts, which fell in different parts of India and became Mahapithasthans. According to the legend, the heart of Sati fell at Babadham. Hence, the name Hridayapeeth. There is, however, no shrine to commemorate this occurrence.

Another legend is that, in the first age of the world, Lord Shiva manifested himself as a lingam of light at twelve different places under different names, and Baidyanath was one of those twelve places. Sati worshipped the emblem in the form of a pandanus flower on the top of the lingam and dwelt for a long time in a grove close by in order to worship it. This place is called Ketakivana.

Matsya Purana narrates about the sanctity of the holy place where Shakti lives and frees people from diseases, i.e., Arogya Baidyanathitee. It signifies that Baidyanath cures people from incurable diseases with the help of shakti, the destroyer of diseases

विमानपथ By Air

Nearest Airport is at Ranchi, 385 kms away and Patna 270 kms away. Even Kolkata can be considered for travel by air