The district has an area of 3701 km and a population of 667,155 . 309,624 people are from scheduled tribes and 48,376 are scheduled castes. The District is bordered by Korea District of Chhattisgarh state on the east, Bilaspur District of Chhattisgarh on the south-east, Dindori District of Madhya Pradesh on the south-west, Umaria District of Madhya Pradesh on the west, and Shahdol District on the north-west and north. The administrative headquarters of the district is Anuppur. The district has one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya at Amarkantak which is the origin of two rivers i.e. Narmada & Son. The District was created on 15 August 2003 out of Shahdol District. It is part of Shahdol Division. Anuppur District is mostly hilly and forested. The Narmada River originates from the hill of Amarkantak in the Maikal Hills, and the Son River originates nearby.