Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh lies between longitude 77.00" and 78.19" east and latitude 30.45" and 31.44" north, with its headquarters in Shimla. It is surrounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Uttarakhand in the south-east, Solan to the south-west and Sirmaur in the south. The elevation of the district ranges from 300 metres to 6,000 metres .
As of 2011, it is the third most populous district of Himachal Pradesh , after Kangra and Mandi. It is the most urbanised district of Himachal Pradesh.
The most commonly practised religion in the district is Hinduism. Hindi and Pahari are the languages spoken. Tourism and agriculture/horticulture are the major's source of income.