Historical sites, Farm Land and Rich minerals characterise Ballari district. Also the home of famous Vijaya Nagara Empire World Heritage Site. Recently making headlines with the mining industry. Earlier Ballari District was part of Rayalseema, a region in today's state Andhra Pradesh. During the period of the British Raj, Ballari District was part of Madras Presidency. The area was severely affected by the Great Famine of 1876–78. After Indian independence, when the Indian states were reorganised along linguistic lines, Ballari became part of Karnataka.