Mathura District situated along the banks of the river Yamuna is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. The historic town of Mathura is the district headquarters. The District is part of Agra division. Mathura is bounded on the northeast by Aligarh District, on the south-east by Hathras District, on the south by Agra District, and on the west by Rajasthan and north-west by Haryana state. Mathura district is an important pilgrimage centre of Hindus.