Sivasagar Sivadol is a group of structures comprising three Hindu temples of Sivadol, Visnudol and Devidol, other shrines, and a museum.
Sibsagar, present day Sivasagar, was the capital of Ahom kingdom. The Ahoms had migrated from South China in 1228 and established their first capital at Charaideo 28 kilometres from present day Sivsagar in 1253. Initially, they were Buddhists, though Hinduism came to prevail. It was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom till the British Raj was established in India. The tank was constructed between 1731 and 1738 and the temples were built in 1734 by Bar Raja Ambika, queen of Ahom king Swargadeo Siba Singha.
The Sivadol or Shiva temple, built in the Shikhara architecture, has a central tower which is said to be the tallest tower in India at a height of 104 feet .The base of the temple measures 195 ft in circumference. The temple is built of stone and bricks. Inside the Garbhagriha, the Shiva Linga is deified, which is in a reverse setting. The Shikhara or Vimana , which rises above the sanctum sanatorium, has a four-tiered, 8 feet mastaka and is crowned by a kalasha made of gold. The tower itself is built with parallel ridges and furrows. The lower part of the tower is flanked by four smaller identical towers, which are known as the angashikaras.
The garbagriha, where the main deity is deified in the form of a reversed Shiva linga, is interconnected with an antarala, a small antechamber, which has a roof known as do-chala, which is akin to a typical hut built in Assam. The antarala is also connected to one of the mandapas. The exterior walls of the temple are embellished with sculptures and floral designs set in Bas-relief. Some of the unique sculptures set on the outer walls of the temple are of the goddess Durga, which are seen carved with 2 arms, 4 arms, 6 arms, 10 arms and 16 arms.
The sixteen armed Durga holding various weapons is a "pan-Himalayan" theme adopted in plastic arts of Ahom temple architecture. Durga is depicted decimating Mahishasura, the demon king with a buffalo head, by thrusting a spear. She is riding a lion, her mount, which supports her in the fight with the demon. This feature represents the harmonious blend of brahminical Hindu culture with the Shaktism cult which the royalty of Ahom dynasty had adopted as their religious practice throughout their kingdom.
Sivasagar Sivadol Sivasagar
The presiding deity of this temple is Shiva Lingam, the infinite nature of Lord Shiva, which is interconnected with an antarala, a small antechamber or foyer between the sanctum sanctorum and the mandapam.
Lalmati Duramari Ganesh Temple
Maha Bhairav Temple
Madan Kamdev Temple
Ugra Tara Temple